History of The Girl Scouts of the USA
Girl Scouting in the United States of America began on March 12,
1912 when Juliette "Daisy" Gordon Low organized the first Girl Scout
troop meeting of 18 girls in Savannah, Georgia. Low, who had met
Baden-Powell in London while she was living in the United Kingdom,
dreamed of giving the United States "something for all the girls."
She envisioned an organization that would bring girls out of their
cloistered home environments to serve in their communities and
experience the open air. From its inception, the organization has
been controlled by women, unlike the Young Women's Christian
Association (YWCA) or the Camp Fire Girls.
The Juliette Low Birthplace — located in Savannah, Georgia in the
former Gordon family home — became a national Girl Scout program
center in 1956. It provides tours to thousands of Scouts yearly.
Upon Low's death in 1927, she willed her carriage house, which would
eventually become The Girl Scout First Headquarters, to the local
Savannah Girl Scouts for continued use. The first National
Headquarters was in Washington, DC but it was moved to New York City
in the spring of 1916 and has remained there ever since.
During World War II, many young Japanese girls were confined in
internment camps with their families. Girl Scout troops were formed,
even in these camps. These girls participated in many activities,
including dramatic presentations, such as the one pictured at left,
which took place in the Crystal City Internment Camp, located in
Crystal City, Texas.
The current Girl Scouts of the USA logo was created in 1978 by Saul
Bass, a graphic designer known for his motion picture title
The organization's original name was the Girl Guides of America, a
name taken from the United Kingdom's Girl Guides program. In 1913,
it was changed to the Girl Scouts of the United States and the
organization was incorporated in 1915. It was again renamed to the
Girl Scouts of the United States of America in 1947 and was given a
congressional charter on March 16, 1950. The GSUSA started with 18
members — within months, members were hiking through the woods in
their knee-length blue uniforms, playing basketball on a
curtained-off court, and going on camping trips. By 1920, there were
nearly 70,000 members, and by 1930 over 200,000. In 2005 there were
over 3.7 million Girl Scouts — 2.8 million girl members and 954,000
adult members — in the United States. More than 50 million American
women have participated in the Girl Scouts. Through its membership
in the WAGGGS, GSUSA is part of a worldwide scouting family of over
10 million girls and adults in 144 countries.
The names and ages of the levels — and the larger structure of the
program — have evolved significantly. Troops were initially fairly
independent before joining together into small councils, which have
since merged into larger councils.
SegregationMost Girl Scout units were originally segregated by race according
to state and local laws and customs. The first troop for African
American girls was founded in 1917; the first American Indian troop
was formed in New York State in 1921; and the first troop for
Mexican Americans was formed in Houston, Texas in 1922. In 1933,
Josephine Groves Holloway founded unofficial African American troops
in Tennessee. She also fully desegregated the Cumberland Valley
council in 1962. The first official African American troop in the
South was founded in 1932 in Richmond, Virginia by Lena B. Watson
and led initially by Lavnia Banks, a teacher from Armstrong High
School. It first met in Hartshorn Hall, Virginia Union University.
By the 1950s, the GSUSA had begun significant national efforts to
desegregate the camps and maintain racial balance. One of the first
desegregations, accomplished by Murray Walls in 1956, was Camp
Shantituck in Kentucky. Later the same year, Martin Luther King, Jr.
described Girl Scouts as "a force for desegregation". In 1969, a
national Girl Scout initiative called Action 70 was created that
aimed to eliminate prejudice. Gloria D. Scott, an African American,
was elected National President of the Girl Scouts in 1975.
Nofeerentals.com No fee furnished studio,rental apartments Lower east side, New York City
Nofeerentals.com no fee rental apartments in Lower east side New York,NY furnished studio rental apts, Furnished studio rental apartments with kitchens & private en suite bathrooms. Some apartments have a private deck.
Notasinc.com Wooden tables hand painted, Colombian handcrafted tables for home and office
Wooden tables hand painted, Colombian artist creates handcrafted tables for home and office
Computer consulting Network consulting web design
Network consulting Computer consulting and web design in Queens Manhattan New
York City and Brooklyn
Garden apartment for sale In Kew Garden Hills New York NO BROKER FEE
Garden apartment for sale In Kew Garden Hill, Queens , Jamiaca New York NO BROKER FEE